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Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a very common dermatologic disease which affects up to 1 - 2% of the world's population. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by erythematous clinically, sharply demarcated papules and rounded plaques, covered by silvery micaceous scale. Traumatized areas often develop lesions of psoriasis (This is also known as Koebner or isomorphic phenomenon). The skin lesions of psoriasis are variably pruritic. Additionally, other external factors may exacerbate psoriasis including infections, stress, and medications (lithium, beta blockers).

Some known facts about Psoriasis

•  Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory skin disease,

•  The cause of Psoriasis is unknown.

•  It is usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest and the lower back.

•  It is rarity to find Psoriasis on the face and it can spread by irritation.

The main problem is that the skin grows too rapidly in some places on the body, forming a silvery scale over thick patches which become inflamed and red. The scalp is badly affected and the scaling gives rise to hard lumps and very flaky dandruff. Patches of Psoriasis develop over areas where the skin is frequently knocked or has been injured in grazes, cuts and operation scars.

Does psoriasis affect the normal life of the sufferer?

For the most part, people with psoriasis function normally. Psoriasis is often misunderstood by the public, which can make social interactions difficult. Sometimes people experience low self-esteem because of the psoriasis. This may lead to emotional reactions such as anxiety, anger, embarrassment and depression. Psoriasis can affect the type of work people do if it is visible.

Who are prone to psoriasis?

People with psoriasis are frequently diagnosed at an early age, usually between ages 15 and 35. About three-quarters of people with psoriasis will be diagnosed before age 40. In many cases, psoriasis appears in childhood. This is referred to as juvenile psoriasis.

How to treat psoriasis?

Dermatologists say that one of the most effective ways to stop itching and itching desire is to treat the psoriasis. The itching usually disappears when the psoriasis clears. In the interim, the following can curb the itch:

•  Moisturize - Moisturizing, especially after bathing, can help relieve the dry skin that causes itching.

•  Soak in a warm oatmeal bath - This relieves itching for some people. A dermatologist can recommend an appropriate oatmeal-bath preparation.

•  Apply a cold compress - Applying a cold compress can reduce inflammation and lessen the desire to scratch.

•  Apply a menthol based ointment or topical steroid. These can help manage the itch until the psoriasis clears.

 
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