What is Basal Cell Carcinoma ?
Basal cells are round in shape and are found in the lower portion of the outer layer of skin also known as epidermis. One out of every three new cancers is a skin cancer, and the vast majority are basal cell carcinomas, often referred to by the abbreviation, BCC.Until recently, those most often affected were older people, particularly men who had worked outdoors. Although the number of new cases has increased sharply each year in the last few decades, the average age of onset of the disease has steadily decreased. More women are getting BCCs than in the past; nonetheless, men still outnumber them greatly. This cancer usually remains local and almost never spreads to distant parts of the body, but it may continue to grow and invade nearby tissues and structures, including the nerves, bones, and brain.
Basal Cell Carcinoma is a very common type of skin disorders but is very dangerous also. Basal cell carcinomas enlarge slowly and steadily and can invade neighboring tissue, like the eye, but they usually do not spread to distant parts of the body (metastasize). Basal cell carcinomas are the result of sun damage to the skin.
Here you find all terms related to Basal Cell Carcinoma, like symptoms, causes and effective treatment. Basal cell carcinomas are most common on the face because the face receives more sunlight than other parts of the body. People who get one basal cell carcinoma are likely to develop more.
What are the causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma ?
The cause of the Basal Cell Carcinoma is Repeated, prolonged sun exposure. Following are the main causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma.
- UV radiation: This is the most important and common cause of BCC.
- Other radiation: X-ray and grenz-ray exposure
- Arsenic exposure: Chronic exposure to arsenic is associated with BCC development. Exposure may be medicinal, occupational, or dietary.
- Immunosuppression: Immunosuppression is associated with a modest increase in the risk of BCC.
- Xeroderma pigmentosum: This autosomal-recessive disease predisposes people to rapid aging of exposed skin, starting with pigmentary changes and progressing to BCC
- Complications of burns, scars, vaccinations, or even tattoos are contributing factors
- A new skin growth that ulcerates, bleeds easily, or does not heal well may indicate development of basal cell skin cancer
Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Usually located on the face, ears, neck, hands, arms.
- Begins as a small, raised growth
- White or light pink, flesh-colored, or brown.
- A Reddish Patch
- A smooth growth with an elevated
- A Shiny Bump
Treatment of Basal Cell Carcinoma - With Home Remedies
Different Types of Treatment For Basal Cell Carcinoma are available, some are :
- Most ill defined basal cells on the face are treated with MOHS Micrographic Surgery , which is the most successful therapy for eradicating these lesions.
- One cannot be sure whether a suspicious growth is a basal cell carcinoma just by looking at it. In order to be sure, we must take a small piece of the growth and send it for microscopic analysis (biopsy).
- Other treatment methods, such as cryosurgery, radiation therapy, and laser surgery may be used in specific circumstances.
- Many small, well defined nodular or superficial Basal cell carcinomas can be successfully removed by removing just the top layers of the skin.